ASME codes are used for pressurized equipment – vessels, piping and fittings – in North America and many other countries. ASME codes cover the design, construction, maintenance and alteration of pressurized equipment. Most commonly used ASME codes are:
- VIII-1 for vessels, towers and exchangers
- I and IV for boilers and hot water heaters
- B31.1, B31.3 and B31.5 for piping systems
- B31.3 is also used for many fittings
These are design by rules codes which provide formula methods that work if the design falls clearly within the scope of the code.
For the most complex or unusual designs, ASME VIII-2 rules based on design by analysis using much more complex Finite Element Analysis (FEA) is used. This is discussed in the FEA Stress Analysis section.
These are our most popular samples – from a companies first audit vessel, simple vertical and horizontal vessels, to a more complex heat exchanger. Design calculations and shop floor drawings are discussed. More samples can be found in the ASME Blog.
This is a typical audit vessel used for first time ASME VIII-1 audits, or when no in-production vessel can be used. Calculation verification, what happens during an ASME audit and how many sample vessels need to be built to justify more than one ASME stamp are discussed.
Water Softener Vessel
This water softener is typical of many we have designed for drinking water or industrial use. The use of Compress, IBC Seismic calculations, and using SolidWorks for vessel drawing is discussed.
Horizontal Retention Vessel
This 8ft diameter contact tank (or retention vessel) keeps water and chlorine in contact for a guaranteed minimum safe amount of time at the maximum possible flow rate. Saddle design is discussed.
This sample heat exchanger is a collaboration with H&C Heat Transfer Solutions who ran the heat transfer calculations. The sample includes a brief discussion of UHX design, PV Elite code calculation software and using SolidWorks for drawings.
Our most popular articles. Why is it harder to design a vessel for external (vacuum) pressure than internal pressure? When do design by rules need to be replaced by Finite Element Analysis (FEA) for reliability – in this case for an obround nozzle? How wind and seismic loads affect the shell thickness of a tower, and how to choose between different head types. More articles can be found in the ASME Blog.
External pressure (vacuum) calculations are more complex than internal pressure calculations. Once jackets or other sources of pressure are added the difficulty increases. What affects the external pressure rating and the failure mechanisms are discussed.
Designing Trouble-Free Large Obround Nozzles
ASME VIII-1 Code provides the required rules to design obround nozzles, but it also takes FEA to design a trouble free obround nozzle that does not leak.
Tower with Wind, Seismic and Vacuum Loads
This tower is designed for a combination of seismic, wind and external pressure (vacuum) loads. The calculations are done in Compress, and the drawing is made in SolidWorks. Which loads govern and how to support junctions is discussed.
Comparison Between Head Types: Hemi, SE, F&D and Flat
We compare the required thickness of Hemispherical (Hemi), Semi Elliptical (SE), Flanged and Dished (F&D) and Flat heads using the rules of VIII-1 and VIII-2 FEA.
This blog has more samples and articles, design guides and discussions related to ASME codes.
ASME Methods Blog
Samples, articles and guides for the design and modeling of ASME pressure vessels.
We work to many ASME standards to design and validate pressure vessels, boiler, fittings and piping systems. We have experience designing thousands of vessels and fittings to multiple codes.
- Pressure vessel design to ASME VIII-1 and VIII-2
- Hot water heaters and boilers to ASME I and IV
- Piping to B31.1, B31.3, B31.5 and others
- Burst testing to multiple codes
We use Compress, PV Elite, Design Calcs, Nozzle Pro and our own in-house software.
Finite Element Analysis (FEA) – We use FEA to design and validate fittings and vessels that cannot be designed by rule-based codes like VIII-1 or B31.3.
Pipe Stress Analysis – Pipe stress analysis is mandatory for British Columbia registration and it is recommended practice for many other systems.
Canadian Registration Number (CRN) – We are Canada’s largest independent registrar of fittings, vessels and piping under the CRN program registering for more than a thousand customers.
Pressure Vessel Engineering has twenty years of successful experience in the pressure vessel field working for more than a thousand customers.
- Six Professional Engineers on staff licensed to stamp and sign off on designs for use in all Canadian jurisdictions.
- Fast and professional assistance from our 20-person company.
Need help? Our contact information is to the right.